McClatchy ends 2016 slightly in red as ad revenue falls 10.9% in Q4, former Earthlink exec Craig Forman takes over as CEO
Company continues to concentrate on ‘monetizing’ its real estate holdings, selling a Sacramento garage, as well as its newspaper buildings in Sacramento and Columbia, SC
The publisher of the Sacramento Bee and Miami Herald yesterday reported Q4 earnings, reporting a small operating profit for the quarter and for the year as a whole, though still in the red when it comes to net income.
The chain, like others, continues to see print ad losses. Total revenues in Q4 were $262.2 million, down 8.3 percent compared to the fourth quarter of 2015. Ad revenue was down nearly 11 percent, though digital ad revenue grew by 11 percent, as well.
If you are a publisher and like to read P&Ls (I know a few TNM readers fall into that category), the big difference between year-end 2016 and year-end 2015 is that in 2015 the chain took a large impairment charge. Without that charge, McClatchy would have just about broken even (and actually would have been in the black). Without that charge, which makes it easier to compare years, one sees that this year the chain is slightly in the red, versus being slightly in the black the year before.
What McClatchy is doing to try and stay afloat is cut costs and sell off its real estate.
“We have made progress in monetizing our real estate in the fourth quarter and early 2017,” McClatchy’s CFO Elaine Lintecum said. “In December we closed on the sale of a covered garage in Sacramento for pre-tax proceeds of $5.75 million, and in January 2017 we entered into two separate contracts to sell and lease back our Sacramento, California and Columbia, South Carolina, buildings and land in which The Sacramento Bee and The State operate for combined proceeds of $67.8 million. We also entered into a new letter of intent (LOI) to sell our downtown Raleigh, North Carolina building on improved terms compared to the previous contract, and are working to come to agreements to close all three transactions in 2017.”
Of course, at some point one runs out of real estate to sell, and staff to layoff.
Here is McClathcy’s year-end earnings statement for 2016:
SACRAMENTO, Calif. – February 9, 2017 — McClatchy reported net income in the fourth quarter of 2016 of $3.1 million, or $0.40 per share, compared to net income of $8.8 million, or $1.04 per share in the fourth quarter of 2015. Per share amounts reflect the company’s 1 for 10 reverse stock split that became effective in June 2016. The fourth quarter and full year results were not impacted by the results from The Herald-Sun (Durham, NC), which was purchased on Dec. 25, 2016, the last day of McClatchy’s fiscal year.
The company reported adjusted net income, which excludes severance and certain other items, in the fourth quarter of 2016 of $12.9 million, compared to adjusted net income of $17.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2015.
As reported, on January 25, 2017, the board of directors appointed Craig Forman president and chief executive officer (CEO) of the company. He has been a McClatchy board member since 2013 and will remain on McClatchy’s board. Forman has a strong track record in both digital technology and journalism, and familiarity with the company’s digital-transformation strategy. He has served as the executive chairman of Where.com Inc. and Appia Inc. and previously held executive roles with Yahoo!, Time Warner, Infoseek, and Dow Jones. Forman served in senior leadership roles at Earthlink from 2006 to 2009, including as president of the company’s $1 billion consumer access and audience business.
Forman began his career as a reporter and bureau chief for The Wall Street Journal, where he was part of the reporting team whose coverage of the Persian Gulf War was a finalist for the 1991 Pulitzer Prize in International Reporting.
Forman said, “In the short fortnight since becoming chief executive, it has become clear to me that we have a highly skilled and dedicated team across McClatchy, committed to serving our customers and our neighbors from Sacramento to Miami and in dozens of communities in between. I’m thrilled to join them in the day-to-day work of running the company and using technology as a catalyst for growth. We’ve already transitioned in many respects to the foundations of a digital future. Our goal here is to accelerate that transformation—to focus on our pace.
“We remain vigilant on cost control and expense reduction as we align the cost structure with the decline in traditional print advertising. Our intent is to sharpen our connections to our local markets, both in terms of audience and advertising, by accelerating our digital product and sales efforts. In short, we are focused on the future while maintaining the integrity of our journalism and deep engagement with our communities.”
“We had an active fourth quarter as well as a busy start to 2017,” Forman continued. “During 2016 we reached a number of goals to move the company forward for our shareholders. We again achieved double-digit growth in digital-only advertising revenue, despite running against impressive growth from the fourth quarter 2015. This marks the fifth consecutive quarter of double-digit growth in the digital-only advertising category and a record growth rate of 14.8% for the full year in 2016.
“While we delivered on our digital advertising goal of double-digit growth, we experienced one of the toughest years recently in print advertising as the struggles of the retail industry had an impact on our results. But our strong digital revenue growth, coupled with better results for direct marketing revenues, helped to partially offset the print declines in the fourth quarter. As a result, for full-year 2016 we saw an improvement in total advertising revenues of two percentage points over full-year 2015.
“We also made progress in realigning our cost structure to reduce legacy expenses. For 2016 we reduced operating expenses by $347.4 million due primarily to the inclusion of goodwill impairment in 2015 expenses. When adjusted for non-cash impairments and other items to represent cash costs, we successfully reduced 2016 adjusted operating expenses1 by more than $58 million. Over the last two years, operating expenses have declined $109 million and adjusted operating expenses by $116 million.”
Elaine Lintecum, McClatchy’s chief financial officer said, “We have made progress in monetizing our real estate in the fourth quarter and early 2017. In December we closed on the sale of a covered garage in Sacramento for pre-tax proceeds of $5.75 million, and in January 2017 we entered into two separate contracts to sell and lease back our Sacramento, California and Columbia, South Carolina, buildings and land in which The Sacramento Bee and The State operate for combined proceeds of $67.8 million. We also entered into a new letter of intent (LOI) to sell our downtown Raleigh, North Carolina building on improved terms compared to the previous contract, and are working to come to agreements to close all three transactions in 2017.
“We used our cash wisely in 2016. We reduced debt in the fourth quarter by $32.8 million and by $63.6 million in all of 2016. We also returned value to shareholders during 2016 by buying back 655,899 shares of Class A common stock for $7.8 million.”
Forman concluded, “Finally, we added to our portfolio of growth markets. We were happy to announce the addition of our 30thmedia company, The Herald-Sun in Durham, North Carolina, on December 25, 2016. The acquisition of The Herald-Sun means that we now operate the primary daily newspapers in the high-tech Research Triangle of North Carolina. This rapidly growing region is a great match for McClatchy’s strong portfolio of digital products, thus this acquisition offers both digital advertising opportunities as well as operational synergies. While small in financial terms, this acquisition is expected to be deleveraging to the company.”
Fourth Quarter Results
Total revenues in the fourth quarter of 2016 were $262.2 million, down 8.3% compared to the fourth quarter of 2015. Total advertising revenues were $158.4 million, down 10.9% in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to the fourth quarter of 2015, which is consistent with the advertising revenue trend experienced in the first nine months of 2016. The declines in advertising revenues largely reflect softness in traditional print advertising which was partially offset by improvements in the direct marketing category and digital advertising. Digital-only advertising revenues grew 11.0% in the fourth quarter of 2016 and total digital advertising revenues were up 3.7% compared to the same quarter last year.
Direct marketing declined 2.6% in the fourth quarter compared to the same period last year, but improved more than 10 percentage points from the third quarter of 2016. The improvement was due to the addition of new customers, stronger events revenues, and the impact of retiring certain underperforming products in 2015.
Audience revenues were $92.7 million, down 1.9% in the fourth quarter compared to the same period in 2015. Digital-only audience revenues were up 4.9%, and the number of digital-only subscribers ended the quarter at 83,100, representing an increase of 4.8% from the fourth quarter of 2015.
Average total unique and local unique visitors to the company’s online products grew to 61.0 million and 14.8 million, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2016. These results represented growth of 22.3% in total unique visitors and 13.2% in local unique visitors in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to the same quarter last year. Mobile users represented 60.1% of average total unique visitors in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to 56.6% in the fourth quarter of 2015.
Revenues exclusive of print newspaper advertising accounted for 70.4% of total revenues in the fourth quarter of 2016, an increase from 65.7% in the fourth quarter of 2015.
Results in the fourth quarter of 2016 included the following items:
- Non-cash charges related to newspaper masthead impairment and write-down of equity investments totaling $9.9 million ($6.3 million after-tax);
- Gain on a real estate transaction offset by non-cash real estate losses and charges associated with relocations of certain operations totaling $4.0 million ($2.5 million after-tax);
- Severance charges totaling $1.8 million ($1.1 million after-tax);
- A loss on the extinguishment of debt totaling $1.1 million ($0.7 million after-tax);
- Costs associated with reorganizing sales and other operations totaling $1.0 million ($0.6 million after-tax);
- Costs related to co-sourcing information technology operations totaling $0.6 million ($0.4 million after-tax);
- Net increase in taxes of $3.2 million primarily associated with adjustments of certain deferred tax credits related to real estate transactions.
Adjusted net income, which excludes the items above, was $12.9 million. Adjusted EBITDA1 was $59.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2016, down 15.5% compared to the fourth quarter last year. Operating expenses were down 6.8%, while adjusted operating expenses1, which exclude non-cash and certain other charges, were down 5.9% in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to the same quarter last year. (A discussion of our non-GAAP measures and the reconciliation to the comparable GAAP measures are provided below.)
1 See the discussion of non-cash stock compensation included in the computation of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted operating expenses in the Non-GAAP Operating Performance Measures discussion below.
Total revenues for the full-year 2016 were $977.1 million, down 7.5% compared to the full-year 2015. Total advertising revenues were $568.7 million, down 10.8% compared to the full-year 2015. Softness in print advertising negatively impacted traditional newspaper advertising revenues, while digital advertising revenues grew 4.3% compared to the full-year 2015. The softness in print was partially offset by digital-only advertising which was up a record 14.8% through the full-year 2016 compared to last year.
Audience revenues were $364.8 million, down less than one percentage point for the full-year 2016 compared to last year and digital-only audience revenues were up 9.0% over the same period. The growth in digital-only audience revenue is attributable to the increase in digital-only subscribers through promotional efforts as well as pricing initiatives initiated during the second and third quarters of 2016.
The company reported a net loss for the full-year 2016 of $34.2 million, or $4.41 per share, compared to a net loss for the full-year 2015 of $300.2 million or $34.66 a share, which included non-cash after tax impairment charges related to goodwill and newspaper mastheads and write-downs of certain equity investments of $304.5 million.
Results for the full-year 2016 included the following items:
- Severance charges totaling $15.2 million ($9.3 million after-tax);
- Non-cash real estate losses and charges associated with relocations of certain operations offset by gain on a real estate transaction totaling $3.3 million ($2.0 million after-tax);
- Conversion costs related to co-sourcing information technology operations totaling $10.8 million ($6.9 million after-tax);
- Non-cash charges related to newspaper masthead impairment and write-down of equity investments totaling $10.8 million($6.8 million after-tax);
- Costs associated with reorganizing sales and other operations totaling $7.0 million ($4.3 million after-tax);
- Accelerated depreciation charges totaling $7.0 million ($4.2 million after-tax);
- Net increase in taxes totaling $2.3 million for adjustments of certain deferred tax credits related to tax positions taken in prior years and for real estate transactions;
- A gain on the extinguishment of debt totaling $0.4 million ($0.3 million after-tax); and
- Acquisition-related legal and other costs, net totaling $0.1 million ($0.1 million after-tax).
Adjusted net income for the full-year 2016, excluding the items above, was $1.4 million compared to adjusted net income in 2015 of $11.8 million. Adjusted EBITDA was $160.8 million for the full-year 2016, down 11.4% compared to the full-year 2015. Operating expenses declined 26.7%, mainly due to non-cash impairments charges recorded in the second quarter of 2015, while adjusted operating expenses were down 6.7% in the full-year 2016 compared last year.
Other Fourth Quarter Business and Recent Highlights
In the fourth quarter, the company completed the sale of a covered garage in Sacramento, California for a sales price of $5.75 million. In January, the company announced that it entered into agreements to sell and lease back the Sacramento, California and Columbia, South Carolina, land and buildings for combined sale proceeds of $67.8 million. The Sacramento and Columbia properties are expected to close in the second quarter of 2017, subject to customary closing conditions, and after-tax proceeds will be approximately $51 million. Based on the local commercial real estate market in Kansas City, Mo, the company is evaluating whether it is the right time to proceed with a sale-leaseback transaction in Kansas City.
In January, the company ended its contract with the buyers of its downtown building in Raleigh, North Carolina, due to non-performance under the contract. The company also entered into a nonbinding letter of intent (LOI) with a new buyer for the Raleighbuilding and land on better terms than the previous contract.
As previously reported, the company acquired The Herald-Sun in Durham North Carolina, on December 25, 2016. The purchase price was not disclosed, but after revenue and expense synergies, the acquisition is expected to be deleveraging to the company.
In December, the company received a normal operating cash distribution of $6.0 million from CareerBuilder. McClatchy management is supportive of the decision made by its co-owners to review strategic alternatives for CareerBuilder, for which no decisions have been made.
Debt at the end of the fiscal year 2016, after repurchasing $32.8 million of bonds in the fourth quarter, was $873.7 million. The notes due September 2017 had a principal balance of $16.9 million outstanding with no other maturities coming due until December 2022. The company finished the quarter with $5.3 million in cash, resulting in net debt of $868.4 million. The Company has its $65 millionrevolving line of credit available for liquidity if needed. During the fourth quarter of 2016, capital expenditures were $2.5 million, and were $13.0 million for the full year 2016. The leverage ratio at the end of the fourth quarter in the company’s credit agreement was 5.27 times cash flow (as defined) compared to a maximum leverage covenant of 6.0 times cash flow. The company expects its current deleveraging strategies to reduce this ratio over the course of the next year.
Forman said, “Fiscal year 2017 will be a year of enhanced digital opportunity and focus. We are dedicated to our mission of journalistic integrity and we believe that good journalism is good business; that it is the underpinning of our success in the marketplace. We aim to provide journalism that impacts our communities, and to do so with greater digital agility and pace. We intend to capture new audiences for both our print and digital advertisers. And we are focused on delivering more and better digital products faster to our advertisers and subscribers—that is award-winning works that are nationally significant and locally relevant.”
Digital-only advertising revenue is expected to continue to grow at a double-digit rate in 2017, improving on the full-year trend seen in 2016. Management expects the growth to be enhanced by further investing in its digital portfolio and partnerships. The company’s digital agency, exceleratetm, has moved quickly since it launched a few months ago and management believes it will be a meaningful contributor to digital growth in 2017. In fact, expenses are expected to include an estimated $10 million investment in exceleratetmthroughout 2017, providing it with a larger sales force and with tools to drive revenue results in McClatchy’s markets, as well as adjacent markets. Management also sees further potential in its video portfolio which reached 74 million views for all of 2016. Nucleus, the national advertising agency in which the company is a partner, is also expected to help drive results for larger retailers and national accounts.
Print advertising revenues, while important to the business, remain volatile, and are expected to decline in 2017 and become a smaller percent of total revenues. Audience revenues are expected to be stable in 2017 through a combination of marketing of product enhancements and pricing programs.
Management plans to reduce GAAP and adjusted operating expenses and will monitor costs throughout the year to achieve expense performance in line with revenue performance, despite the additional investments we are making in news and sales infrastructures.
The company has real estate that is being marketed, under LOI’s or currently under contract for sale, and management’s focus will be on working towards monetizing as many of those assets as possible in 2017. The proceeds achieved from the real estate transactions and cash from operations will be utilized to de-lever the company through debt reductions and further invest in the business.
Management expects capital expenditures between $12 million and $15 million in 2017, and has no required pension contributions in fiscal 2017.
The company’s consolidated statistical report, which summarizes revenue performance for the fourth quarter and full-year 2016, is attached.